To perform a waveoff, simultaneously advance the power to MRT, retract the speed brakes, and maintain
optimum AOA. Level the wings if necessary and verify a positive rate of climb. After a climb is established
and you are above 300 ft AGL, turn to parallel the runway and conform to pattern airspeeds and altitudes.
Inform the tower that you are waving off.
TOUCH AND GOFULL FLAP/SLAT AND NO FLAP/SLAT
Touch and go landings are practiced to improve your landing skills through a serial repetition that enables
you to review the previous pattern while youre in the next, identifying pattern errors and adjusting on
subsequent passes. This process is conducive to self critique and analysis; through repetition, you are
developing your ability to arrive consistently at a good start.
To perform a touch and go, make a normal landing approach for your configuration to the runway center-
line or the carrier box. If you are correcting for a crosswind, take out the crab with rudder while simulta-
neously applying aileron to maintain wings level, just prior to touchdown. Neutralize the rudder prior to
nose wheel touchdown. At touchdown, simultaneously advance the power to MRT, retract the speed
brakes, and rotate the aircraft to takeoff attitude.
Verify a positive rate of climb and maintain 130 KIAS for full flaps/slats or 160 KIAS for no flaps/slats. Turn
downwind when cleared by the tower and at or above 300 ft AGL and 130 KIAS for full flaps/slats or 160
KIAS for no flaps/slats. Establish the proper interval by turning downwind when the aircraft immediately
ahead of you is:
30 degrees forward of your wing after executing the break and is established on the downwind leg in a
10 degrees forward of your wing and is established on the downwind leg in a dirty configuration.
NOTE: Make the necessary adjustments for differences in pattern speed and configurations, if known
(e.g., no flaps, dissimilar aircraft).
Continue climbing to pattern altitude (if youre not already level at pattern altitude) and maintain pattern
airspeed. Vary your AOB as necessary to establish the appropriate abeam distance.
On the downwind leg, extend your speed brakes and adjust the nose attitude and the power as necessary
to maintain pattern altitude and optimum AOA. Perform the landing checklist only when youre established
with wings level downwind and complete it prior to reaching the abeam position. Remember to crab into
the wind as necessary to maintain proper abeam distance.
ROLL AND GOFULL FLAP/SLAT
Perform a normal full flap/slat landing approach and touchdown on the runway centerline. Upon
touchdown, reduce the power to IDLE and allow the aircraft to decelerate to 100 KIAS or until 4,000 ft of
runway remain, whichever comes first. Maintain directional control with nose wheel steering, if required. If
you are correcting for a crosswind, take out the crab with rudder while simultaneously applying aileron to
maintain wings level, just prior to touchdown. Immediately on touchdown smoothly apply aileron into the
wind as required to hold wings level, maintain longitudinal stick at approach position or slightly forward,
and neutralize the rudder prior to nose wheel touchdown.