Outboard Runway: Runway farthest from the tower when there are parallel runways.
RDO: Runway Duty Officer. A flight instructor assigned to act as safety observer at the end of the runway.
ROD: Rate of descent.
SOP: Squadron operating procedures.
Squirrel Cage: Series of overhead aerobatic maneuversloop, half Cuban eight, Immelmann, and split-
Sperformed in sequence with no pause between maneuvers.
Upwind: Direction same as that of the active runway in the landing pattern. Also a position beyond the
approach end of the runway toward the other end of the runway.
VFR: Visual flight rules.
VMC: Visual meteorological conditions.
VSI: Vertical speed indicator. The flight instrument that indicates your rate of climb or descent.
Wipe Out Cockpit: Cycling the flight controls during post-start checks.