Alternate Entries and Precautionary Approaches
ALTERNATE ENTRIES AND PRECAUTIONARY APPROACHES
Alternate entries are used to expedite entry to the landing pattern from a point other than the initial due to
weather, low fuel, or traffic congestion. Precautionary approaches are practiced to simulate situations
when loss of oil pressure or other engine malfunctions make it undesirable to reduce rpm; they keep you in
the ejection envelope until you are in a position to land, even if the engine fails.
The downwind entry into the VFR landing pattern will familiarize you with an alternative means of entering
the touch and go landing pattern. You or the tower can request it to expedite entry into the landing pattern
from a direction opposite the duty runway (Figure 24).
Establish downwind, descend
to pattern altitude (dirty)
Lower landing gear and
flaps as required prior
Descend to 300 ft
Descend to 600 ft AGL
Slow to 200 KIAS
to 1,100 ft
Figure 24: DOWNWIND
Enter at or below 200 KIAS at the altitude published in the course rules from a position 5 nm upwind of the
landing runway and outboard of the extended runway centerline on the pattern side. Upon receipt of
clearance from the tower, proceed towards the airfield to intercept the pattern at about a 45-degree angle.
As you approach the pattern, dirty up and complete the landing and AOA/airspeed checks. Look for your
interval; the tower may give you traffic information to fit you into the pattern. When established on the
downwind leg, descend to pattern altitude and continue with a normal landing pattern.