Offset Aimpoint: An aimpoint displaced from the center of the target to compensate for wind at
release altitude. Calculated by using the following formula:
D = 1.7 X T X W
(offset) = 1.7 X (time of flight) X (wind)
Pendulum Effect: Caused by the depressed sight line. With one wing down, the pipper will move in
a direction opposite the bank; the line of sight swings through the air below the aircraft like a
Pickle: (noun) The weapons release button; releases bombs or rockets on the T-45C. (verb) To
release a weapon; usually used with reference to bombs.
Pigtail: The electrical connection between the pylon and the bomb rack or rocket launcher.
Pipper: The sighting device (usually a dot) in the center of the aiming reticle.
Pipper-to-Bull Tracking: A method of target tracking that ignores wind and places the pipper
directly on the center of the target, or bull.
PMBR: Practice Multiple Bomb Rack.
Pullout: Recovery from a dive.
RadHaz: Radiation Hazard; some older rockets require
a metallic shield
on the aft end
launcher to protect the ignition mechanism from electromagnetic radiation that might cause acciden-
Reticle: A pattern of lines, dots, cross hairs, etc. used in a sighting device (HUD, gunsight).
Roll-in: The method of getting from level flight into a dive at a sharp angle to the original flight path.
Roll-out: Rolling the wings level and upright to complete the roll-in and establish the dive.
Rolling Pullout: Recovering from the dive with wings not level; applying a roll input during dive
recovery may cause overstress.
Run-in Line: A line that represents the aircraft ground track or anticipated ground track in a dive.
An established run-in track on a practice target range.
Safe: Master armament switch is off.
Sight Angle: See Sight Depression Angle.
Sight Depression Angle: The degree to which the line of sight is below the line of flight; measured
Sight Picture: The reticle and the target as they appear together, superimposed.
Simo Run: Simultaneous run; two (or more) aircraft in the roll-in or dive at the same time.
Slant Range: The distance from the aircraft to the target measured in a straight line.