or radio communications within the section must
be clear and timely
to avoid confusion.
The wingman should have time to acknowledge the signal before the lead executes the maneuver.
Immediately following aircraft start-up, the student should select the flight tactical frequency on radio
#2 and follow the lead through clearance delivery on radio #1. ATIS can be monitored on radio #1
either before or after the flight clearance has been obtained but no later than check-in at marshal
prior to taxi.
Your communications must
be brief and concise. Use the radio under IMC conditions and/or
when visual signals would be very difficult to interpret. The lead conducts all communications with
controlling agencies. The lead initiates all formation flight frequency changes, and the wingman
acknowledges (except when checking on or off of ground and tower frequency, or as briefed). When
on the new frequency, the lead initiates flight check-in, and the wingman acknowledges.
Lead: "Hawk button 8."
Both pilots then switch to the new frequency
NOTE: The above example shows both a positive check-out and check-in. Since the T-45 has two
radios and radio #2 is normally a dedicated flight tactical frequency, it is not a requirement to perform
positive check-outs on the controlling frequency. For the sake of comm. brevity in high volume traffic
areas, the TAC frequency can be used to "get-well" if the wingman misses a frequency change.
The lead then contacts the controlling agency. When transmitting on ground or tower
frequency, the wingman acknowledges with a thumbs-up, instead of over the radio, to avoid
congesting these frequencies. In case the wingman must assume the lead position, he must
know with whom the leader is communicating.
Because it is difficult to see a signal given with green flight gloves in front of a green mask, execute
your visual signals high in the canopy, away from the face, in clear view of the wingman. Some
signals may have to be exaggerated for clearer interpretation. Reference the next several pages
(Figures 1 through 11) to review these signals.