16 September 2003
g. Lineup - lack of lineup training always shows up at the ship. LSOs tend to give it low priority during
FCLPs. Test lineup calls during FCLPs need to be given frequently and during all phases of the pass. A test lineup
call shall be given at least once each FCLP period.
h. Test Waveoff - students shall receive one test wave off per FCLP period to check reaction and
technique. Watch for a common tendency to over-rotate on the waveoff.
Waveoff up the angle - unless directed to "waveoff up the starboard side."
Waveoff - at the boat, all waveoffs shall be given with waveoff lights and the verbal "waveoff" call. The
combined waveoff (oral and visual) yields a quicker reaction time.
k. Pattern waveoffs are a must. Letting a pilot continue a gross Overshooting Start (OSX) or clara
High/Low (H/LO) pass invites pilots to accept low standards. Additionally, by continuing these passes, the student,
at best, shall receive a "NO Grade." The pattern waveoff has a 2-point value just as the No Grade, but allows the
student to fly another pass with hopefully better results. This philosophy also applies at the field. ONE WAVEOFF
FOR POOR PATTERN WORK IS WORTH A THOUSAND DEBRIEFS.
For carrier landings, Always, always, always: Military Rated Thrust (MRT)/speed brakes in on
touchdown, no exceptions!
m. Review and use standard LSO phraseology at the field and ship. Listen to and evaluate yourself on the
Pilot's Landing Aid Television (PLAT) after a recovery, you'll be surprised at what you see, hear, and learn.
n. Lineup at the ship - square it away early; waiting until the aircraft crosses the ramp is too late. Students
must be informed of their position relative to centerline once they roll out in the groove. Students' efforts to place
the aircraft on centerline can be particularly difficult when there is little wake behind the carrier. If a student does
not respond to advisory or directive lineup calls, he should be waved off, unless doing so is unsafe. Lineup
deviations can be tracked most effectively by the back-up LSO. Historical data continues to confirm the importance
of the back-up LSO's inputs in correcting lineup deviations, particularly at the ramp. CNATRA's policy is that back-
up LSOs shall inform the controlling LSO of the aircraft's position relative to centerline throughout the pass, scan the
PLAT as aircraft crosses the ramp and transmit lineup calls as required.
o. Airspeed control - the student knows that if he doesn't fly the A/C on speed, we won't take him. One
waveoff is worth a thousand debriefs.
p. Late waveoffs for a High in Close to at the Ramp underlined (HIC-AR) can result in a dangerously long
bolter and should be avoided by initiating a timely waveoff. For high gliding come downs at the ramp, timely power
calls should be used. Any time waveoff lights come on a verbal "waveoff" call shall accompany them.
Unless an emergency, no "hook down" calls shall be given after the ball call.
Catapult technique and Cat Grip use: Proper briefing is important. Good airwork at the end of the
stroke should be emphasized.
Be flexible during CQ; don't be afraid to send a student home so he can settle down, get debriefed, and
come out the next day. If time allows, another option is to take the student out of the jet for a quick debrief prior to
resumption of CQ.
t. Bottom Line - LSOs stress that the ball must be in the center, with the aircraft on speed and ON
CENTERLINE. Be demanding, be tough, put the pressure on students during FCLPs, and then tell them what a
great job they've done and that they're ready for the boat. Peak their confidence at the boat brief. Set the example
for students to follow - be a role model through professionalism.
Notes for LSOs on Lead/Safe Pilots
a. NATRACOM's Training LSOs are tasked with ensuring the Lead Safe program is vital, current, and
standardized. An effective training program is the key for maintaining quality and safety in the CQ environment.